The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) declared at the United Nations in 2015 have outlined
“a plan of action for people, planet and prosperity”. These goals are the blueprint to create a better world by 2030, by ending poverty, fighting inequality, environmental degradation, peace and justice, and addressing the urgency of climate change. All SDGs are considered inter-connected with changes in one domain likely to influence progress towards other targets.
Summary of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
The 17 Sustainable Development Goals are:
No Poverty - End poverty in all its forms everywhere.
Zero Hunger - End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.
Good Health and Well-being - Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.
Quality Education - Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
Gender Equality - Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.
Clean Water and Sanitation - Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.
Affordable and Clean Energy - Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.
Decent Work and Economic Growth - Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.
Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure - Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.
Reduced Inequality - Reduce inequality within and among countries.
Sustainable Cities and Communities - Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.
Responsible Consumption and Production - Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.
Climate Action - Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.
Life Below Water - Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.
Life on Land - Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.
Peace and Justice Strong Institutions - Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.
Partnerships to achieve the Goal - Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.
SDG3 - The Good Health and Well-being Goal
Among the Sustainable Health Goals was SDG3, which is set to “ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages. Several targets and indicators have been linked and/or established in order to accomplish and evaluate progress towards achieving the ‘Good Health and Well-being’ goal. These targets are:
3.1: REDUCE MATERNAL MORTALITY - By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births.
3.2: END ALL PREVENTABLE DEATHS UNDER 5 YEARS OF AGE - By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under‑5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births.
3.3: FIGHT COMMUNICABLE DISEASES - By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases.
3.4: REDUCE MORTALITY FROM NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AND PROMOTE MENTAL HEALTH - By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being.
3.5: PREVENT AND TREAT SUBSTANCE ABUSE - Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol.
3.6: REDUCE ROAD INJURIES AND DEATHS - By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents.
3.7: UNIVERSAL ACCESS TO SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE CARE, FAMILY PLANNING AND EDUCATION - By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes.
3.8: ACHIEVE UNIVERSAL HEALTH COVERAGE - Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all.
3.9: REDUCE ILLNESSES AND DEATH FROM HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS AND POLLUTION - By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination.
3.A: IMPLEMENT THE WHO FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON TOBACCO CONTROL - Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate.
3.B: SUPPORT RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND UNIVERSAL ACCESS TO AFFORDABLE VACCINES AND MEDICINES - Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all.
3.C: INCREASE HEALTH FINANCING AND SUPPORT HEALTH WORKFORCE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES - Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States.